south african sheep breeds

The other two breeds which have originated under South African skies are the Nooitgedacht Pony and the SA Vlamperd. Info-pack ref. 2012; 103: 112–119. It is a native South African breed. This article will focus on sheep breeds used in South Africa for meat production only. It belongs to the Nguni type of sheep and is predominantly dark brown. The Nguni-type has a broad ancestral gene pool making it well adapted to harsh environmental conditions found in parts of KwaZulu-Natal. The breeders’ society currently has 48 members, which have a total of ± 20 000 Persian sheep among them. In addition, Ronderib rams are used as teaser rams to prepare ewes for mating. 3. Animals may have red or black heads. Damara meat is lean with a fine texture and is not streaked with fat; the fat on the carcass is only 1 mm to 2 mm thick. This process may be facilitated by a number of genetic resource flocks that are phenotyped for traits routinely recorded in the national evaluationthat are not A … The Namaqua Afrikaner sheep is a hardy breed, believed to have descended from the Hottentot people who lived in pre-colonial South Africa. South Africa Online (Pty) Ltd. SouthAfrica.co.za. These are sheep breeds which are used for both meat and wool production. Damara ewes are excellent mothers. South Africa has a diverse array of phenotypically distinct and locally adapted sheep breeds that have been developed for different production systems ranging from mutton to wool and pelt, and some dual‐purpose and nondescript breeds kept by smallholder farmers. The aim was to develop a hardy, fertile, meat sheep with low input costs, suitable for veld grazing systems. The Merino makes up numerically the largest sheep breed in South Africa with approximately 18 million country wide. The skin is highly prized for fine leather goods. Indigenous sheep breeds of South Africa are mostly animals well-adapted to extreme climates such as arid hot areas and are often of slender built with fat tails, used for meat production. The Dorper is a large and strongly-built meat sheep with a white body and black head. The Ile de France can be used for their milk and is classified as a dairy sheep in the USA. A South African breed of domestic sheep, the Dorper is a cross between Blackhead Persian and Dorset Horn sheep. During the late 1960's, a request was made to the Department of Agriculture by the wool industry, via the South African Agricultural Union, to develop a white woolled breed for the extensive sheep grazing areas. First lambing can be as early as 8 months. The Damara Breed Breeders Society of South Africa was established in 1992. South African sheep breeds : Dorper sheep. 5. Meatmaster lambs can be slaughtered at five months of age, at around 38 kg, and may yield a carcass of 17.5 kg. Lambs are small; less birthing complications often associated with larger lambs. The Damara Herero, Namaqua and the Kam Karrin Hottentot tribes farmed and traded with what has become the Damara sheep of today. The BaPedi is an early maturing breed. Have to be free of kemp and coloured fibres; 2. Merino . The Dorper sheep was developed in South Africa and bred through the crossbreeding of the Persian sheep, Dorset and Van Rooy sheep. Origin: South Africa Australian Status: International Status: CRITICAL Arrived in Australia: As embryo’s in 1999 but also thought to have arrived on the first fleet. It is of a good, white colour overall. All Rights Reserved. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. Depending on the breed, sheep can be used for fibre, using wool and hair, as well as for meat production, or are sometimes used to produce dairy products. Indigenous and locally developed breeds are an important asset for many reasons, but particularly because, over time, they have developed unique combinations of adaptive traits to respond to the pressures of the local environment. The Merino originated in Spain. Breed numbers. The breed was developed for the arid extensive regions of South Africa. https://www.farmersweekly.co.za/.../indigenous-sheep-and-goat-breeds The Ile de France sheep is a French meat breed, introduced in South Africa in 1903 for research. On average it gains around 200 g of weight. It has high reproductive rates, e.g. Breeds of Livestock - South African Merino Sheep South African Merino. The genetic diversity of South African sheep populations is considered complex having been shaped by multifaceted production systems [1, 2] resulting from a combination of indigenous, commercial and synthetic/composite breeds raised to suit, various and often, extreme production conditions where natural selection forces are at play.Coupled with this have been farmer driven … South African sheep breeds: Population genetic structure and conservation implications. This paper details the population genetic structure of South African indigenous, locally developed and introduced breeds using microsatellite markers, and the conservation implications of these results. However, most consider the Ile de France a meat breed only, due to the rams’ use in crossbreeding, to produce heavy early-maturing slaughter-ready lambs. One of the oldest sheep breeds in South Africa, the Damara is a fat-tail breed suitable for farming in harsh and dry conditions. Genetic purity is threatened due to crossbreeding with exotic breeds to improve carcass mass and mutton production. Photo: F.W. In South Africa, sheep breeds are a mix of the hairy indigenous breeds, fat-tailed and fat-rumped breeds, and South African developed composite ‘exotic’ breeds, such as the SA mutton Merino. Indigenous sheep breeds of South Africa are mostly animals well-adapted to extreme climates such as arid hot areas and are often of slender built with fat tails, used for meat production. Small Rumin Res. Today, I would like to focus on two primary sheep breeds, namely the Dorper (pictured) and Red Maasai. Australian Status: International Status: Arrived in Australia: Early 2000’s. It goes without saying that the Dorper is one of the most popular sheep breeds in South Africa. Sheep diversity of five Egyptian breeds: Genetic proximity revealed between desert breeds: Local sheep breeds diversity … Have to produce a good slaughter lamb at an early age; 3. Considered as one of the fastest-growing meat sheep breeds. The Meatmaster is a non-fat tail medium-sized sheep, covered in a coat of short shiny hair of various colours and has a short woolly undercoat. The substantial tail fat is often sold separately from the meat and used in the preparation of boerewors and droëwors (droëwors is a preserved meat product of finely minced meat and fat mixed with salt and spices and then dried). Soma P, Kotze A, Grobler J, Van Wyk J. 10 Best Sheep Breeds for Meat. Characteristically it is resistant to tick-borne disease, they are quite drought and heat tolerant and are successful in marginal communal grazing conditions. Dorper sheep breed is a domestic sheep breed mainly originated from South Africa. Introduction. Merino sheep are an important resource for South African farmers, providing meat and wool and thus an important income source. In some dry North West regions of South Africa, extensive ranching of goats is done together with Persian, Droper and Karakul sheep. The most popular sheep breed in South Africa is the Merino breed, and breeds derived from the Merino. It has a prominent chest with a dewlap and a fat tail. A fast-growing sheep, it is easy to care for and has a very light mixed coat of hair and wool that it sheds early in the summer. Peters Origin of the breed The Meatmaster is a composite sheep breed developed in South Africa. All animals were genotyped at 12 microsatellite loci. Sheep in Africa can be morphologically divided into four types: thin-tailed with hair, thin tailed with wool, fat tailed and fat rumped (Epstein, 1971).In 2000 the recognized number of African sheep breeds was 147 (Taberlet et al., 2008).According to archaeological records, sheep migrated to the southern point of Africa as recently as 2000 years ago (Plug and Badenhorst, 2001). The breeding interval is 8 months and a high percentage of twins are produced. It was developed by crossing Ronderib Afrikaner sheep with Merino and South African Mutton Merino (SAMM) sheep, and is classified as a Merino breed. It is often used in crossbreeding, due to its unique gene pool. The Meatmaster 100-day weaning weight is 27 kg. The Van Rooy is a medium to large hornless sheep covered with white hair, with a thin wool undercoat on the front part of the body. It has a long and narrow fat tail and short hair, but develops a woolly undercoat that is shed in summer. South African Merino. Blood samples from 622 sheep, comprising 20 breeds, were collected from different regions in South Africa. establishment of reference populations for the breeds major South African to estimate genomic sheep breeding values is an immediate challenge. It is also known as SAMM or South African Mutton Merino sheep. The breed is well adapted to the warm humid environment of … Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. The Merino makes up numerically the largest sheep breed in South Africa with approximately 18 million country wide. Another Nguni-type sheep, the BaPedi is fat-tailed sheep with white, brown and red hair, a small framed and long legs. Examples of sheep breeds used in South Africa for meat and wool production include the Merino, Dohne Merino, South African Mutton Merino, Afrino Sheep and the Dormer. The most popular sheep breed in South Africa is the Merino breed, and breeds derived from the Merino. The adult Dorper ram weighs 190 to 260 pounds (90 to 120 kg) and ewes weigh 110 to 180 pounds (50 to 80 kg). L. Sandenbergh1,2, S.W.P. All Rights Reserved. Developed in South Africa, it arrived in New Zealand in 1998. The breed is covered with a light cream fleece of wool with smooth, glossy hair, used for the manufacture of blankets. Today it is a common breed of sheep and found throughout the world. Origin: South Africa Australian Status: International Status: CRITICAL Arrived in Australia: As embryo’s in 1999 but also thought to have arrived on the first fleet. It takes 12 months for ram lambs and 14 months for ewes to reach an ideal slaughter weight of 30 kg (18 kg of meat). Like all industries, the livestock sector changed over time – various breeds of cattle and sheep were imported, and national herd and flock numbers rose and fell. Examples of sheep breeds used in South Africa for meat and wool production include the Merino, Dohne Merino, South African Mutton Merino, Afrino Sheep and the Dormer. It is said that this breed is immune to the viral disease, blue tongue as well as redwater and heartwater due to its resistant to ticks. Their description page best suited to extensive farming ( veld grazing systems name is derived from the Damara sheep a... 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