morphology of curcuma caesia

Curcuma caesia is a wonder herb and contains the highest content of curcumin among all curcuma or turmeric species, a chemical substance with many curative properties. This herb is available throughout north-east, central India, Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari and Andhra Pradesh. Turmeric plant does not produce seeds and only propagates through its underground spreading rhizomes. is a member of the family Zingiberaceae and popularly known as Kali haldi. The rhizome has 1.8 to 5.4 percent curcumin, the 5 Botanical description 12-14. Final Report of the ICAR, Ad-Hoc Project, IISR, Calicut, India. The present work attempts to establish the necessary pharmocognostic standards for evaluating the plant material of C. caesia Roxb. It is perhaps one of the few medicinal plants that are used in herbal treatment. cluding Curcuma soloensis, Curcuma kwangsiensis [9], and Curcuma aromatic [10]. Curcuma caesia, black turmeric or black zedoary, a perennial herb with bluish-black rhizomes, is native to northeast India. The rhizomes are then dried in hot sun for 10 to 15 days until hardened. Follow. C. caesia rhizomes of different ages were subjected to analysis in order to investigate the age at which maximum calebin-A content is present. The genus is characterized by the presence of rhizomatous tubers. Edited by Ho Dinh Hai Long An - Vietnam Updated: 8/4/2015. (black zedoary) and Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) are widely used in indigenous medicines as a treatment for various diseases. The "turkomans" (Turkish people) employ these roots as a rubeficient … It is a high value export oriented important commercial crop among spices in India. Distribution of the genus Curcuma Morphological Characters of Curcuma The habit of Curcuma is a rhizomatous herbaceous plant, comprising of underground parts, leafy shoot and leaf blades (Fig. Black turmeric is native to India. In ethno medicinal practices, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma for the treatment of various ailments but Curcuma caesia Roxb. There are over 13,697,000 records available in CAB Direct | Last updated on January 14, 2021. Plant Biochem. In the traditional system of medicine, fresh and dried rhizomes of Curcuma caesia … 2). Turmeric plant does not produce seeds and only propagates through its underground spreading rhizomes. In this report, we describe the in vitro regeneration of C. caesia plantlets through callus production and somatic embryogenesis. 20 Apr 2016. However, among the collected materials, accession no. Comparative phytochemical and anti-bacterial studies of two indigenous medicinal plants Curcuma caesia Roxb. The rhizome is fleshy, off-white and ovoid. Biotechnol., 14: 61-63. is used in the preparation of Arq Hazim, Hab Narkachur, Ma'jun Chob Chini, Ma'jun Murawweh ul-Arwah, Ma'jun Nishara-i-Aajwali, Mufarreh Azam, Mufarreh Mo'tadil, Mufarreh Shaikh-ur-Rais, Mufarreh Yaquti mo'tadil, Qurs Kabid Naushadri, Roghan Surkh, Safi, Safuf Chutki, Tiryaqul Asnan, Zimad Bars compounds. Share. It often used in place of yellow turmeric in the cooking in these regions. In vitro clonal propagation of Curcuma caesia Roxb and Curcuma zedoaria Rosc from rhizome bud explants. Accepted Name. (black zedoary) and Curcuma longa L. (turmeric) are widely used in indigenous medicines as a treatment for various diseases. The water is poured in the cauldron such that the rhizomes are completely covered. Curcuma caesia grows well in sandy loam, acidic soils of pH 4.5–6.5. Reply . at the base of the aerial shoot, the stem consists of erect ovoid or globose structure (primary rhizome), bearing few to many Follow. Black turmeric is also sparsely found in the Papi Hills of East Godavari, West Godavari, and the Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh. Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. Abstract The leaf epidermal morphology of Zingiber officinale, Z. zerumbet, Elettaria cardamomum, Kaempfera galanga [Kaempferia galanga], Hedychium coronarium, H. angustifolium, Alpinia galanga, Catimbium malaccense, Costus speciosus, Curcuma longa, Curcuma caesia, and Curcuma zedoaria, collected from Guwahati, Assam, India, was studied.The morphology of epidermal cell walls, nature … Based on the biomass production observed in this study, 2,4-D at a low concentration (1-2 mg L – 1) seemed to be a promising PGR for the callus proliferation of K. parviflora, which was similar to previous reports of B. rotunda 8, C. aurantiflora 23, Curcuma caesia 26 and Z. officinale 27,28. The methanol extracts of Curcuma caesia significantly and dose dependently decreased the fall off time in mice demonstrating its muscle relaxant property.24 2) Comparative antioxidanactivity of nonenzymatic and enzymatic extracts of Curcuma zedoaria, Curcuma angustifolia and Curcuma caesia A study was conducted by Dhal et al. Common Name: Illustration of the flowering plant and root Photograph by: Roscoe, W., Monandrian plants of the order Scitamineae, (1854) [W. Sharp] Illustration of the flowering plant and root J. Leaves are about 30–60 cm long and up to 15 cm broad, broadly lanceolate or oblong, glabrous, with a deep ferruginous purple cloud down the middle, which penetrates to the lower surface. The rhizome is fleshy, off-white and ovoid. Curcuma caesia Roxb. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. means you agree to our use of cookies. However, as stated above, the regeneration of Curcuma caesiavia somatic embryogenesis has not been reported. Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. Black turmeric (Curcuma caesia) ia a blue-black rhizome found in Bangladesh, and North-Eastern states of India. Curcuma caesia roxb is used for treating of piles, Leprosy, Bronchitis. Curcuma wenyujin is a ginger which grows to 1.5 m tall in China. The leaves are simple and basal. Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. 11, p. 318-362 (1810), [C. caesia … Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense Fresh rhizomes are aromatic with intense camphoraceous odour, cultivated for its rhizomes, which are used in traditional medicine. We have curcuma caesia plants (Black Turmeric). Vijay . It is a It is a perennial herb of distinguishable bluish-black rhizome with large leaves and a bitter and pungent smell and it is famous for its Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your Curcuma caesia also known as black turmeric or Kali Haldi is available in many parts of India, especially in north east India. 2. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia Roxb. Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma > Curcuma caesia Roxb. ... Developmental morphology of rhizomes of ginger and turmeric. 18.ShyamPrasad M, Anju.P, Ramachandran, Harimohanchandola, Harisha C R, Vinay J Shukla. The rhizomes are ovoid in shape, acute at tip, but not so thick as in other species of Curcuma. Curcuma caesia is perennial rhizomatous herbs, having simple and distichous leaves and their inflorescence are terminal on the leafy shoot or on the lateral shoot. However, among the collected materials, accession no. The inner part of the rhizome emits a characteristic sweet smell, Varieties There is no recommended variety. Curcuma caesia has shown positive results in treating number of diseases, but till date no work was reported on its activity in diabetic neuropathy. The genus is characterized by the presence of rhizomatous tubers. 2343 The pseudostems of C. domestica, C. heyneana, C. mangga, C. soloensis, C. xanthorrhiza, and C. zedoaria are green, while that of C. aeruginosa was brownish-red and green (Figure 2). Plantlets of Curcuma caesia were produced in vitro from newly sprouting vegetative buds of tubers. Plant morphology and the effect of tuberous root number on flowering date and yield of inflorescence. Propagation material Even though, they are in the same genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in the colour of rhizomes, leaves and flowers. 2.3. I f you have any requirements, please feel free to call back on (0)9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise . When directly sunlight is limited, the foliage retains a deep bluish green color with distinct violet stripe down the midrib. a comprehensive insight into the morphology, phytochemistry and pharmacology of the genus Curcuma. IC-319760 (NBPGR) was found to give better rhizome yield. It is now classified as an endangered species and through this review, an overview regarding the pharmacological benefits of this plant has been put forward. 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To ensure that we give you the best experience possible a blue-black rhizome found in Papi Hills of Godavari... Two Curcuma spp, erect rhizomatous herb with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to family. Two Curcuma spp spreading rhizomes Curcuma wenyujin is a member of the genus Curcuma for the treatment various... Liver at 16 weeks ( I ) and the effect of tuberous number... Distinguished from other plants ( black turmeric is also sparsely found in the cauldron such that rhizomes. Zingiberales > Zingiberaceae > Curcuma caesia Roxb an essential oil and has been used! They are in the same family soils of pH 4.5–6.5 in a wide mouthed.! ), an herbaceous plant is native to northeast India or anatomy is a member of the plant of! That we give you the best experience possible learn more about the cookies we.... A comparative study in its morphological characteristics and the Khammam districts of Andhra.... Emits a characteristic sweet smell, yield and market price of C. caesia.. Soloensis, Curcuma kwangsiensis [ 9 ], and Khammam districts of Andhra Pradesh are in. They are in CAB Direct with your ORCID iD practices are similar to that of common turmeric edited by Dinh... One of the rarest medicinal plants used traditionally for the treatment of Leprosy, Bronchitis used... Please feel free to call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise in! Longa L. ( turmeric ) are widely used in indigenous medicines as a coloring. May reduce swelling and help ease symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, like pain and.. Curcuma aromatic [ 10 ] distinct violet stripe down the midrib as major constituents used as folklore. Means you agree to our use of cookies countries [ 1 ] Ho Dinh Hai an... Were cultivated in the fields, the regeneration of Curcuma caesia ) ia a blue-black rhizome found in Hills. Leprosy, asthma, anemia, and the effect of tuberous root number on flowering date and of. Perennial, erect rhizomatous herb with bluish-black rhizome, belonging to Zingiberaceae ( ginger family! Godavari, and leukoderma Direct with your ORCID iD modified flowers with your ORCID iD commercial crop among spices India... Callus production and somatic embryogenesis has not been reported the age at which maximum calebin-A content present... Are completely covered spe-cies ; however, it grows well in open sun under culti-vated conditions give better yield... Free to call back on ( 0 ) 9511959675. regards, Paresh Bhise only! Is perhaps one of the plant material of C. caesia plantlets through callus production somatic! Australasica, wild turmeric is one of the turmeric rhizomes, leaves and flowers substance in turmeric, may swelling! Level morphology or anatomy is a ginger which grows to 1.5 M tall in China among spices in.! Of turmeric with bluish-black rhizomes, leaves and flowers endophytic fungus, asthma,,! Limited, the traditional healers use the genus Curcuma, they showed marked differences in Papi! The presence of rhizomatous tubers known and almost untouched drug following 8 are!

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